French physicist, corecipient, with the Swedish astrophysicist Hannes
Alfven, of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1970 for his pioneering studies
of the magnetic properties of solids. His contributions to solid-state
physics have found numerous useful applications, particularly in the
development of improved computer memory units.
Neel was director of the Polytechnic Institute, Grenoble, from 1971
to 1976 and also of the Centre for Nuclear Studies, Grenoble, from 1956
to 1971. He wrote over 200 works on various aspects of magnetism. Mainly
because of his contributions, ferromagnetic materials can be manufactured
to almost any specifications for technical applications, and a flood
of new synthetic ferrite materials has revolutionized microwave electronics.
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