Indian physicist whose work was influential in the growth of science
in India. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930
for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material,
some of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength. This phenomenon
is now called Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect.
Raman was knighted in 1929, and in 1933 he moved to the Indian Institute
of Science, at Bangalore, as head of the department of physics. In 1947
he was named director of the Raman Research Institute there and in 1961
became a member of the Pontifical Academy of Science. He contributed
to the building up of nearly every Indian research institution in his
time, founded the Indian Journal of Physics and the Indian Academy of
Sciences, and trained hundreds of students who found important posts
in universities and government in India and Myanmar (Burma).
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