Soviet physicist who received, jointly with Nikolay G. Basov of the
Soviet Union and Charles H. Townes of the United States, the Nobel Prize
for Physics in 1964 for fundamental research in quantum electronics
that led to the development of the maser and laser.
In 1954 Prokhorov became head of the institute's Oscillation Laboratory
and later professor at Moscow M.V. Lomonosov State University. He received
the Lenin Prize in 1959 and later two Orders of Lenin and various medals.
Prokhorov has written a number of fundamental works on the construction
of infrared and visible light lasers and on nonlinear optics.
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