In 1907 Branting became leader of his party, mobilizing the working classes in support of the demand for adult, equal, and direct suffrage but at the same time facilitating cooperation with progressive Liberal elements. From this tactic resulted the Liberal-Socialist coalition government of 1917, in which he was minister of finance, and a constitutional reform of 1918 that facilitated the spread of social democracy throughout Sweden. An advocate of Swedish neutrality during World War I, he was a delegate to the Paris Peace Conference (1919) and to the London discussions on the future of the Aland Islands (1920), over which Sweden was in conflict with Finland. He was also the first Swedish representative at the League of Nations and chairman of the Berne conference of the Second (Socialist) International (1919).
In March 1920 Branting formed Sweden's first Social Democratic government,
but elections held the following September went against him. He returned
to power in September 1921, retaining office until April 1923. In October
1924 he formed a third government, but illness led to his resignation
on January 25.
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