Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Argentine jurist who in 1936 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for
his part in ending the Chaco War (1932-35), fought between Bolivia and
Paraguay over the northern part of the Gran Chaco region and especially
its oil fields.
Educated in law, Saavedra Lamas taught at the National University of
La Plata and at the University of Buenos Aires, of which he was rector
from 1941 to 1943. In 1915 he became Argentinian minister of justice
and of public education, and from 1932 to 1938 he served as minister
of foreign affairs. Between October 1933 and June 1934 the United States,
Italy, and 14 Latin-American nations signed an antiwar treaty prepared
by Saavedra Lamas. He organized and presided over the international
mediation committee (Brazil, Chile, Peru, Uruguay, and the United States)
that secured an armistice (June 12, 1935) in the Chaco War. Subsequently
he was prominent in negotiations resulting in a permanent peace agreement
(July 21, 1938).
Saavedra Lamas was president of the International Labour Congress,
Geneva (1928); the Pan-American Conference, Buenos Aires (1936); and
the League of Nations Assembly (1936). He also wrote several books on
international law and peacekeeping, economics, and education.