Alfred Hermann Fried


Alfred Hermann Fried
(1864-1921)



Austrian pacifist, publicist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and co-winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911.
In 1891 Fried, in Berlin, founded the pacifist periodical Die Waffen nieder! ("Lay Down Your Arms!"), from 1899 called Friedenswarte ("The Peacekeeper"). In 1892 he founded the Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft (German Peace Society), which became the focus for the German pacifist movement before World War I. Fried advocated "fundamental pacifism" and believed that "international anarchy" should be met by both legislative measures and spiritual regeneration.

With the outbreak of World War I he immigrated to Switzerland in protest against German policy. As editor of Blatter fur internationale Verstandigung und zwischenstaatliche Organisation ("Papers for International Understanding and Inter-State Organization"), he worked for an immediate peace. Fried protested against the Treaty of Versailles but warned the Germans against attempting to revise it by force. His works include Handbuch der Friedensbewegung, 2 vol. (1911-13; "Handbook of the Peace Movement"), and Mein Kriegtagebuch, 4 vol. (1918-20; "My War Diary").


Main Page | About Us | All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. Timeline of Nobel Prize Winners is not affiliated with The Nobel Foundation. External sites are not endorsed or supported by http://www.nobel-winners.com/ Copyright © 2003 All Rights Reserved.