Alfonso Garcia Robles


Alfonso Garcia Robles
(1911 - 1991)



Mexican diplomat and advocate of nuclear disarmament, corecipient with Alva Myrdal of Sweden of the Nobel Prize for Peace for 1982.
Garcia Robles entered Mexico's foreign service in 1939 and was a delegate to the 1945 San Francisco Conference, at which the United Nations was founded. He subsequently worked in the UN Secretariat for several years. As director general in the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs during the late 1950s, Garcia Robles played a central role at the Law of the Sea conferences.

While serving as ambassador to Brazil, he first encountered the proposition of excluding nuclear armaments from Latin America, and, after the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, he persuaded the Mexican government to support such a policy. His unremitting efforts eventually led to the Treaty of Tlatelolco (1967), which committed 22 nations of Latin America to bar nuclear weapons from their territories. A year later he helped draft the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. He was appointed permanent representative to the Disarmament Conference in Geneva in 1977. In 1978 he served as chairman of the Mexican delegation to the UN General Assembly's special session on disarmament.


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