While serving as ambassador to Brazil, he first encountered the proposition
of excluding nuclear armaments from Latin America, and, after the Cuban
Missile Crisis of 1962, he persuaded the Mexican government to support
such a policy. His unremitting efforts eventually led to the Treaty
of Tlatelolco (1967), which committed 22 nations of Latin America to
bar nuclear weapons from their territories. A year later he helped draft
the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. He was appointed
permanent representative to the Disarmament Conference in Geneva in
1977. In 1978 he served as chairman of the Mexican delegation to the
UN General Assembly's special session on disarmament.
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