Euler's outstanding achievement was his identification of noradrenaline
(norepinephrine), the key neurotransmitter (or impulse carrier) in the
sympathetic nervous system. He also found that norepinephrine is stored
within nerve fibres themselves. These discoveries laid the foundation
for Axelrod's determination of the role of the enzyme that inhibits
its action, and the method of norepinephrine's reabsorption by nerve
tissues. Euler also discovered the hormones known as prostaglandins,
which play active roles in stimulating human muscle contraction and
in the regulation of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.
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