British bacteriologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology
or Medicine in 1902 for his work on malaria. His discovery of the malarial
parasite in the gastrointestinal tract of the Anopheles mosquito led
to the realization that malaria was transmitted by Anopheles, and laid
the foundation for combating the disease.
Ross returned to England in 1899 and joined the Liverpool School of
Tropical Medicine and later the University of Liverpool. He was knighted
in 1911. In 1912 he became physician for tropical diseases at King's
College Hospital, London, and later director of the Ross Institute and
Hospital for Tropical Diseases, founded in his honour. In addition to
mathematical papers, poems, and fictional works, he wrote The Prevention
of Malaria (1910).
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