Sir Ronald Ross

Sir Ronald Ross

British bacteriologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on malaria. His discovery of the malarial parasite in the gastrointestinal tract of the Anopheles mosquito led to the realization that malaria was transmitted by Anopheles, and laid the foundation for combating the disease.

The English doctor and scientist Ronald Ross was born in Almora (Nepal), in family of the officer of the British army. Ronald was the grown-up from ten children in family. In the age of 8 years it have sent to England for training at school. Though Ronald Ross all life dreamed to be the writer, the actor or the musician (it has published set of the verses, plays and novels), it in 1874 under the insisting of father has acted in medical college at hospital St. Bartholomew's. Later 5 years it has ended college and since 1881 started to work as the physician in the British organization " Medical service of India ".
After graduating in medicine (1879), Ross entered the Indian Medical Service and served in the third Anglo-Burmese War (1885). On leave he studied bacteriology in London (1888-89) and then returned to India, where, prompted by Patrick Manson's guidance and assistance, he began (1892) a series of investigations on malaria. He discovered the presence of the malarial parasite within the Anopheles mosquito in 1897. Using birds that were sick with malaria, he was soon able to ascertain the entire life cycle of the malarial parasite, including its presence in the mosquito's salivary glands. He demonstrated that malaria is transmitted from infected birds to healthy ones by the bite of a mosquito, a finding that suggested the disease's mode of transmission to humans.

Ross returned to England in 1899 and joined the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and later the University of Liverpool. He was knighted in 1911. In 1912 he became physician for tropical diseases at King's College Hospital, London, and later director of the Ross Institute and Hospital for Tropical Diseases, founded in his honour. In addition to mathematical papers, poems, and fictional works, he wrote The Prevention of Malaria (1910).

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