Timeline of Nobel Prize Winners

MEDICINE

1901 Emil Adolf von Behring
1902 Ronald Ross
1903 Niels Ryberg Finsen
1904 Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
1905 Robert Koch
1906 Camillo Golgi, Santiago Ramon y Cajal
1907 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
1908 Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Paul Ehrlich
1909 Emil Theodor Kocher
1910 Albrecht Kossel
1911 Allvar Gullstrand
1912 Alexis Carrel
1913 Charles Robert Richet
1914 Robert Barany
1919 Jules Bordet
1920 Schack August Steenberg Krogh
1922 Archibald Vivian Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
1923 Frederick Grant Banting, John James Richard Macleod
1924 Willem Einthoven
1926 Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
1927 Julius Wagner-Jauregg
1928 Charles Jules Henri Nicolle
1929 Christiaan Eijkman, Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins
1930 Karl Landsteiner
1931 Otto Heinrich Warburg
1932 Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, Edgar Douglas Adrian
1933 Thomas Hunt Morgan
1934 George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards Minot, William Parry Murphy
1935 Hans Spemann
1936 Sir Henry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi
1937 Albert von Szent-Gyorgyi Nagyrapolt
1938 Corneille Jean Francois Heymans
1939 Gerhard Domagk
1943 Henrik Carl Peter Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
1944 Joseph Erlanger, Herbert Spencer Gasser
1945 Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Sir Howard Walter Florey
1946 Hermann Joseph Muller
1947 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Gerty Theresa, nee Radnitz Cori, Bernardo Alberto Houssay
1948 Paul Hermann Muller
1949 Walter Rudolf Hess, Antonio Caetano De Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
1950 Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench
1951 Max Theiler
1952 Selman Abraham Waksman
1953 Hans Adolf Krebs, Fritz Albert Lipmann
1954 John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, Frederick Chapman Robbins
1955 Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell
1956 Andre Frederic Cournand, Werner Forssmann, Dickinson W. Richards
1957 Daniel Bovet
1958 George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
1959 Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg
1960 Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Brian Medawar
1961 Georg von Bekesy
1962 Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson, Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
1963 Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley
1964 Konrad Bloch, Feodor Lynen
1965 Francois Jacob, Andre Lwoff, Jacques Monod
1966 Peyton Rous, Charles Brenton Huggins
1967 Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wald
1968 Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg
1969 Max Delbruck, Alfred D. Hershey, Salvador E. Luria
1970 Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
1971 Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
1972 Gerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter
1973 Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen
1974 Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, George E. Palade
1975 David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
1976 Baruch S. Blumberg, D. Carleton Gajdusek
1977 Roger Guillemin, Andrew V. Schally, Rosalyn Yalow
1978 Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O. Smith
1979 Allan M. Cormack, Godfrey N. Hounsfield
1980 Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset, George D. Snell
1981 Roger W. Sperry, David H. Hubel, Torsten N. Wiesel
1982 Sune K. Bergstrom, Bengt I. Samuelsson, John R. Vane
1983 Barbara McClintock for transposon work.
1984 Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Kohler, Cesar Milstein
1985 Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein
1986 Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini
1987 Susumu Tonegawa
1988 Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings
1989 J. Michael Bishop, Harold E. Varmus
1990 Joseph E. Murray, E. Donnall Thomas
1991 Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
1992 Edmond H. Fischer, Edwin G. Krebs
1993 Richard J. Roberts, Phillip A. Sharp
1994 Alfred G. Gilman, Martin Rodbell
1995 Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nusslein-Volhard, Eric F. Wieschaus
1996 Peter C. Doherty, Rolf M. Zinkernagel
1997 Stanley B. Prusiner, for the discovery of prions
1998 Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro, Ferid Murad
1999 Gunter Blobel
2000 Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, Eric R Kandel
2001 Leland H. Hartwell, R. Timothy Hunt, Paul M. Nurse
2002 Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz, John E. Sulston
2003 Paul C. Lauterbur, Sir Peter Mansfield

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