Burnet, in addition to his work on human transplants, discovered a method for identifying bacteria by the viruses (bacteriophages) that attack them, and he developed a technique--now standard laboratory practice--of culturing viruses in living chick embryos. He increased knowledge of the way influenza viruses cause infection and did significant work on such diseases as myxomatosis, Murray Valley (now known as Australian Arbo-encephalitis) fever, and Q fever. He isolated the causal organism of Q fever, Rickettsia burneti (Coxiella burneti).
Among his publications are Viruses and Man (1953), Principles of Animal
Virology (1955), The Clonal Selection Theory of Acquired Immunity (1959),
Immunological Surveillance (1970), and Credo and Comment: A Scientist
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