Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr.
(1915 - 1974)
American pharmacologist and physiologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize
for Physiology or Medicine in 1971 for isolation of cyclic adenosine
monophosphate (cyclic AMP) and demonstration of its involvement in numerous
metabolic processes that occur in animals.
Sutherland graduated from Washburn College (Topeka, Kan.) in 1937 and
received the M.D. degree from Washington University Medical School (St.
Louis, Mo.) in 1942. After serving in the U.S. Army during World War
II, he joined the faculty of Washington University. In 1953 he became
director of the department of medicine at Western Reserve University
in Cleveland, Ohio, where in 1956 he discovered cyclic AMP. In 1963
he became professor of physiology at Vanderbilt University (Nashville,
Tenn.), and from 1973 until his death he was a member of the faculty
of the University of Miami Medical School.