As director of the biochemical department of the Nobel Medical Institute,
Stockholm (1937-70), Theorell studied the oxidative enzyme cytochrome
c, determining the precise nature of the chemical linkage between the
iron-bearing, nonprotein porphyrin portion and the apoenzyme. His investigation
of the hydrogen-transfer enzyme, alcohol dehydrogenase, led to the development
of sensitive blood tests that have found wide application in the determination
of legal definitions of intoxication. Besides the Nobel Prize, Theorell
received a number of awards and honours. He also served as president
of the Swedish Royal Academy of Science and International Union of Biochemistry.
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