His most famous work is The Best Use of Economic Resources (1959).
Kantorovich pioneered the technique of linear programming as a tool
of economic planning, having developed a linear programming model in
1939. He used such mathematical techniques to show how the decentralization
of decision making in a planned economy ultimately depends on a system
in which prices are based on the relative scarcity of resources. Although
his background was purely mathematical, his work showed a keen understanding
of the economic aspects of problems. He developed a concept called resolving
multipliers that corresponds to the shadow prices in Western economic
literature. In his own country Kantorovich was a notable "reform"
economist whose nondogmatic critical analyses of Soviet economic policy
clashed with the views of his orthodox Marxist colleagues.
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