American biochemist, who, with Christian B. Anfinsen and William H.
Stein, received the 1972 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their research
on the molecular structures of proteins.
Working together at the Rockefeller Institute, Moore and Stein pioneered
new methods of chromatography for use in analyzing amino acids and small
peptides obtained by the hydrolysis of proteins. In 1958 they helped
develop the first automatic amino-acid analyzer, a machine that greatly
facilitated the analysis of the amino acid sequences of proteins. In
1959 Moore and Stein used the new machine to make the first determination
of the complete chemical structure of an enzyme, ribonuclease.
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