British chemist, cowinner, with the Swiss chemist Paul Karrer, of the
1937 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work in determining the chemical
structures of carbohydrates and vitamin C.
In 1925 Haworth became director of the chemistry department at the
University of Birmingham, where he turned to the study of vitamin C,
which is structurally similar to simple sugars. In 1934, with the British
chemist Sir Edmund Hirst, he succeeded in synthesizing the vitamin,
the first to be artificially produced. This accomplishment not only
constituted a valuable addition to knowledge of organic chemistry but
also made possible the cheap production of vitamin C (or ascorbic acid,
as Haworth called it) for medical purposes. Haworth was knighted in
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