Organic chemist who shared the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1912 with
Victor Grignard for researches in catalytic organic synthesis, and particularly
for discovering the use of nickel as a catalyst in hydrogenation (the
addition of hydrogen to molecules of carbon compounds).
Sabatier's various discoveries formed the bases of the margarine, oil
hydrogenation, and synthetic methanol industries, as well as of numerous
laboratory syntheses. He explored nearly the whole field of catalytic
syntheses in organic chemistry, personally investigating several hundred
hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions, showing that several other
metals besides nickel possess catalytic activity, though in smaller
degree. He also studied catalytic hydration and dehydration, examining
both the feasibility of specific reactions and the general activity
of the various catalysts.
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