German organic chemist who with Otto Diels developed the diene synthesis,
a fundamental process that has become known as the Diels-Alder reaction.
It is used in organic chemistry to synthesize cyclic (ring) compounds,
including many that can be made into plastics and others - which normally
occur only in small quantities in plants and other natural sources -
that are the starting materials for various drugs and dyes. Alder and
Diels shared the 1950 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Alder was born in Konigshutte
in Upper Silesia (now Krolewska Huta in Poland). He studied at Berlin
and at Kiel, where he worked under Otto Diels.
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