British biochemist who determined the structure of the muscle protein
myoglobin, which stores oxygen and gives it to the muscle cells when
needed. For his achievement he shared the Nobel Prize for Chemistry
with Max Ferdinand Perutz in 1962.
A fellow of Peterhouse College, Cambridge, from 1947 to 1975, Kendrew
was also deputy chairman of the Medical Research Council Unit and, from
1971, chairman of the Defence Scientific Advisory Council. He was knighted
in 1974 and became president of St. John's College, Oxford, in 1981.
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