German research chemist who invented processes for converting coal into oil and wood into sugar. He shared a Nobel prize 1931 with Carl Bosch for his part in inventing and developing high-pressure industrial methods.
Bergius was born near Breslau, Silesia (now in Poland), the son of
the owner of a chemical factory. He studied chemistry at the universities
of Breslau and Leipzig, and did research at Karlsruhe Technische Hochschule
with German chemist Fritz Haber, who introduced him to high-pressure
reactions. Bergius worked in industry 1914-45, then left Germany and
eventually settled in Argentina 1948, as a technical adviser to the
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